A Conventional Mortgage is a home mortgage loan that is not guaranteed or insured by the federal government. Conventional mortgages are either conforming or non-conforming. A conforming loan meets the requirements and standards set forth by the government sponsored enterprises of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. Whereas a non-conforming loan typically a Jumbo Loan has higher loan limits over the current Florida limit of $484,350. Other types of non-conforming loans that are available sometimes help someone with credit issues such as a recent bankruptcy.
Conventional loans can be either a fixed rate or an adjustable rate. Fixed-Rate mortgages have a set interest rate for the entire length of the mortgage term. Loan terms range from 10 to 30 years. The most common are 15-Year Fixed or 30-Year Fixed. An Adjustable-Rate Mortgage (ARM) has a term of 30 years with a low introductory rate for a fixed period followed by periodic adjustments according to a specific LIBOR or a Treasury Bill Index.
Qualifying for a conventional loan generally requires the borrower to show an overall stronger financial profile to the lender in order to qualify.
While products like loans guaranteed by the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) or VA loans that are guaranteed by the U.S Department of Veterans Affairs and are available to active military and veterans only. Or USDA loans that are backed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture and are geared toward buyers of rural properties.), aim to make buying homes more affordable for low- to middle-income families, with relaxed lending standards, conventional loans have somewhat more stringent standards.
A few of the key eligibility requirements include: